Difference between complete and finish, personality and character, perfection and excellence, will and wish, trust and faith. advisor and consultant, negotiation and bargaining






WILL VS WISH



Knowledge Vs Expereince Vs creativity


























Intuitive thinking vs rational thinking

“The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant.
 We have created a society that honours the servant and has forgotten the gift.” ~ Albert Einstein



ADVISOR VS CONSULTNT


Consultants are problem solvers. Advisors are better problem-definers than solvers. At their best, they contribute to strengthening their clients capacity to solve their own problems.
Advisors can provide an early-warning about emerging problems, signals often missed by a consultant's sharp focus on eliminating the problem at hand.

Organisations call on consultants when they have a clear cut problem in need of solution.But when people already has thought through several possible solutions they need advisor  to serve as an impartial sounding board, a sparing partner to help test his ideas and then identify the pros and cons of proposed courses of action.


Bargain Vs Negotiation 

Bargaining is negotiation of price alone. But negotiation may apply to much more than price, and may not include price at all. However, all negotiation involves an exchange of value, and agreements and promises of performance. Bargaining is often done verbally. Negotiation often involves written records. 

Example 1: Lease negotiation. Landlord and tenant agree to the subject of the lease and responsibilities of each party. This may cover many pages. Who provides insurance? Who is responsible for maintenance?  What does maintenance include? Will landlord assume costs of mass relocation? Etc. Finally, what is the amount of the rent? A written contract is prepared and signed. This is an example of a formal negotiation.

Example 2: Negotiation of a trip plan. A family of 4 agrees on what places to visit on a 2 week vacation to Florida. They have a budget of $2,500.00. Looking at a set of maps and travel brochures, they choose the destinations and time to spent at the various attractions. Will they stay at campgrounds, or a motel. Will they make their own meals, or dine out? Some of each, perhaps. No matter what they choose, they can't spend more than $2,500. The final plan involves compromises by everyone; no one gets everything they want but everyone gets some of what they want. The family members don't exchange money among themselves, but they do trade off one thing for another, based on what each person values most highly. Thus the children might agree to only one day at Sea World, provided Father gives up a visit to Daytona and goes to a tour of the Kennedy Space Center, instead. There is no contract, but there is a hand written travel plan.

Example 3: A home improvement store has some ready made cabinetry which is shop worn with broken hinges. The posted retail price is $75. The customer offers $10. The manager counters with $40. Customer offers $25, and manager agrees. This is pure bargaining; that is negotiation limited strictly to price.

Thus, all bargaining is a form of negotiation, but not all negotiation is bargaining.

Pitchin vs weigh in

Pitchin

to join with other people in doing a job
If we all pitch in, we can finish today.


to give your opinionideas etc during a conversation
pitch in with:
My brother pitched in with an offer tolend us some money.

Weighin

INFORMAL
make a forceful contribution to a competition or argument.
"the dispute turned nastier when Steward weighed in"

Naughty Definitions for Knotty words


Decoy : See how the word is used in the below story to learn the meaning of the word

A policeman is stalking out a bar looking for drunk drivers.
At closing time, he sees a man stumble out of the bar, trip on the kerb, and fumble for his keys for five minutes. When he finally gets in his car, it takes the man another five minutes to get the key in the ignition.
Meanwhile, everybody else leaves the bar and drives off.
When the man finally pulls away, the policeman is waiting for him. He pulls him over and gives him a breathalyser test. The test shows he has a blood alcohol level of zero.
‘That can’t be right,’ says the policeman.
‘Yes, it can,’ says the man. ‘Tonight I’m the designated decoy.’



Alliteration : the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent  words.
Example for alliteration


 Domino Effect





We will be finding usage of phrasal verbs instead of a straight verb like the following :

find out --discover
get on with --continue doing something
hold on --wait
get away --escape
take after --inherit characteristic
cut down --reduce
look after --care for
come up with --think of a solution
add up --make sense
put through --connect on the phone
look for --search
get over --recover from
turn up --arrive
put off --postpone
Lets get more into basics of phrasal verbs :
There are four types of phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs can be separable or inseparable and they can take an object or not. Here is a guide to the basics of phrasal verbs.
Phrasal Verbs which Take Objects
Phrasal verbs which take objects can be separable or inseparable:
Separable phrasal verbs can remain together when using an object that is a noun or noun phrase.
I picked Tom up. OR I picked up Tom.
They put their friends up. OR They put up their friends. Separable phrasal verbs MUST be separated when a pronoun is used:
We picked him up at the station. NOT We picked up him at the station.
They put them up. NOT They put up them.
Inseparable phrasal verbs always remain together. It makes no difference if a noun or pronoun is used.
We set off for the beach.
/ We set off for it.
They are looking after the children. / They are looking after them.
Phrasal Verbs which Don't Take Objects
Some phrasal verbs do not take objects. These phrasal verbs are ALWAYS inseparable.
They thieves got away.
The bus broke down on the way to work.
She got up early.
TIP!
If you are not sure whether a phrasal verb is separable or inseparable, ALWAYS use a noun or nouns phrase and DO NOT separate. In this manner, you will always be correct!
Separable Phrasal Verbs: bring up, take off
They brought up their children to respect others.
She took off her jacket before she began the lesson.
Inseparable Phrasal Verbs: look for, set off
She was looking for her books when he arrived.
They set off for a wonderful holiday in Hawaii.
Three-word Phrasal VerbsSome verbs are followed by two prepositions (or adverbs). These phrasal verbs are ALWAYS inseparable.
I'm looking forward to meeting John. OR I'm looking forward to meeting him.
They didn't get on with their mother. OR They didn't get on with her.



Inversion of auxiliary verb

Generally auxiliary verb comes before noun.Inversion involves putting an auxiliary verb before the subject of a clause. We do this in a number of different situations:

Questions
The most common use of inversion is in the forming of questions. We use the auxiliary verbs be (for progressive and passive forms), have (for perfect forms) and do (for most other forms).

Modal verbs can also be inverted to form questions:

Were they ready when you arrived?
Where was it made?
Have you ever visited France?
Where do you live?
What should we do now?

Negative and restrictive adverbs

In formal English, it is quite common to use inversion after negative adverbial expressions and restrictive words such as only, never, hardly and little.
At no time did he get permission for what he was doing.
Not until the next morning did she realise how serious it was.
Only later did they learn his terrible secret.
Never before have I seen such awful behaviour.
Hardly had we walked in the door when the phone started ringing.
Little do you know how much trouble you are in.

So, nor and neither
Inversion is common when using these words to expression agreement or disagreement.
I'm from Turkey. So am I.
I don't like monsters! Nor/Neither do I

Conditional clausesIn formal English, the if clause in conditional sentences can be rephrased through inversion:
Were you to win the election, what's the first thing you'd do? = If you won the election …
Had we known what the weather would be like, we wouldn't have come = If we had known what

May
When we are making wishes, we can use inversion:
May you both live happily ever after!
Exclamations
We can use inversion to make exclamations:
Aren't you a silly girl!
Isn't it a lovely day!


 sanguine about

Example : He is sanguine about prospects for the global economy
Meaning : optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation


penchant :a strong inclination, taste, or liking for something: a penchant for outdoor sports.

mull over :to think about carefully; consider (often fol. by over): to mull over an idea.

dread
1.to fear greatly; be in extreme apprehension
2.To anticipate with alarm, distaste, or reluctance: dreaded the long drive home

scout for
to make a search
Ex:The company is scouting for acquisitions in asia

FALLACY :a deceptive, misleading, or false notion, belief, etc.: That the world is flat was at one time a popular fallacy.

Heart Rending :arousing deep sympathy. Ex:Heart-rending tales of poverty and hunger.

heart breaking:causing intense anguish or sorrow

Cozy Up : "to try to become friendly or intimate in order to further one's own ends; attempt to ingratiate oneself: He's always cozying up to the boss."

superficial -concerned with or comprehending only what is on the surface or obvious
-shallow; not profound or thorough

Conduit
1.A pipe or channel for conveying fluids, such as water.
2.A tube or duct for enclosing electric wires or cable.
3.A means by which something is transmitted: an arms dealer who served as a conduit for intelligence data

Bruised but not battered

Stark Meaning

1 "Bare or blunt: 'His language has become increasingly stark, to the point of sounding strident'
2.Complete or utter; extreme: stark poverty; a stark contrast.
3.Harsh; grim: 'faced with that stark future' 'They found it hard to accept such a stark portrait of unrelieved failure'


Maverick : -a lone dissenter, as an intellectual, an artist, or a politician, who takes an independent stand apart from his or her associates.

-One that refuses to abide by the dictates of or resists adherence to a group, dissenter

Bask - derive or receive pleasure from; get enjoyment from; take pleasure in;
Ex 'She relished her fame and basked in her glory'"

Dabble : To undertake something superficially or without serious intent:"The restaurant business entails more than . . . dabbling in interior design"



toss something off

1. Lit. to throw something off (of oneself). Bob coughed so hard he tossed his blanket off. Tom tossed off his jacket and sat down to watchtelevision.
2. Fig. to ignore or resist the bad effects of something. John insulted Bob, but Bob just tossed it off. If I couldn't toss off insults, I'd bemiserable.
3. Fig. to produce something easily or quickly. tossed that article off in only an hour. Joe just tossed off a few words and left the room.
4. Fig. to drink a drink very quickly. He tossed a few beers off and left. He tossed off a beer.

itinerary :a detailed plan for a journey, esp. a list of places to visit; plan of travel.


Empathy
Identification with and understanding of another's situation, feelings, and motives.
See Synonyms at pity.

It is different from Apathy. apathy means
1.absence or suppression of passion, emotion, or excitement.
2.lack of interest in or concern for things that others find moving or exciting.

solidarity
1.union or fellowship arising from common responsibilities and interests, as between members of a group or between classes, peoples, etc.: to promote solidarity among union members.
2.community of feelings, purposes, etc.
3.community of responsibilities and interests


treading a new path :taking a new path

swamp
to be plunged into or overwhelmed with something, esp. something that keeps one busy, worried, etc.

mess up
a.to make dirty, untidy, or disordered.
b.to make muddled, confused, etc.; make a mess of; spoil; botch.
c.to perform poorly; bungle: She messed up on the final exam.


Botch-up : to spoil by poor work; bungle (often fol. by up): He botched up the job thoroughly.

FATHOM :to penetrate to the truth of; comprehend; understand: to fathom someone's motives.


fiasco : a complete failure, especially one that is ignominious or humiliating
Noun :fiasco - a sudden and violent collapse

Altruistic
unselfishly concerned for or devoted to the welfare of others (opposed to egoistic ).

conundrum
A paradoxical, insoluble, or difficult problem; a dilemma: "the conundrum, thus far unanswered, of achieving full employment without inflation"

On a roll
Informal. to go forward or advance without restrictions or impediments.
Example:The economy is finally beginning to roll

ordeal
1.any extremely severe or trying test, experience, or trial.
2.a primitive form of trial to determine guilt or innocence by subjecting the accused person to fire, poison, or other serious danger, the result being regarded as a divine or preternatural judgment.

ambivalence
–noun 1. uncertainty or fluctuation, esp. when caused by inability to make a choice or by a simultaneous desire to say or do two opposite or conflicting things.
2. Psychology. the coexistence within an individual of positive and negative feelings toward the same person, object, or action, simultaneously drawing him or her in opposite directions.

pass the buck
pass the buck and The buck stops here commonly used to denote passing away responsibility and owing up the same.

Budge: to change one's opinion or stated position; yield: Once her father had said “no,” he wouldn't budge.
Nudge:prod someone into action

incipient
beginning to exist or appear; in an initial stage: an incipient cold
Synonym: nascent

sulk
To be sullenly aloof or withdrawn, as in silent resentment or protest.
A mood or display of sullen aloofness or withdrawal: stayed home in a sulk;

remorse
deep and painful regret for wrongdoing; compunction

awash
covered, filled, or crowded: streets awash with shoppers; a garden awash in brilliant colors.

Prejudice
1.an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.
2.any preconceived opinion or feeling, either favorable or unfavorable

snub
1.to treat with disdain or contempt, esp. by ignoring.
2.to check or reject with a sharp rebuke or remark

disgust
1.a strong distaste; nausea; loathing.
2.repugnance caused by something offensive; strong aversion: He left the room in disgust

Synonyms:1. sicken, nauseate. 2. repel, revolt. 4. abhorrence, detestation, antipath

Antonyms:1. delight. 2. relish



Recoil from a thought ;Feel fear, horror, or disgust at the thought of something
Some editors have recoiled from the idea, finding it a bit unseemly
Wriggle out : to manoeuvre oneself by clever or devious means
Example : wriggle out of an embarrassing situation


To destroy or damage by an act of vandalism

Vandalism(noun) : Delibarate destruction of public or private property

harp on - come back to; "She is always harping on the same old things" 

Reiterate - He reiterated his opposition to the decision of management

forbidden : prohibited, banned, vetoed, outlawed, taboo, out of bounds, proscribe
Ex: Smoking was forbidden everywhere.
 "There is a charm about the forbidden that makes it unspeakably desirable" [Mark Twain Notebook]

flabbergasted - as if struck dumb with astonishment and surprise;  dumbfounded 

A Retrogade step
"I think with the mood that Dhoni set as captain, India shouldn't really go back from here. They should move forward now with Dhoni as their Test captain. I think he makes so much difference to this Indian side that it would be a retrograde step to go back from that," Chappell said in his column for Cricinfo


Ambivalence is a state of having simultaneous, conflicting feelings toward a person or thing. It is the experience of having thoughts and/or emotions of both positive and negative  toward someone or something.   something like "sitting on the fence.

latch on to
 attach oneself to (someone) as a constant and usually unwelcome companion.
"he spent the whole evening trying to latch on to my friends.



To Duck Something
To lower quickly, especially so as to avoid something: ducked his head as the ball came toward him.
To evade; dodge: duck responsibility; ducked the reporter's question.



slacking of duty : neglecting

spook
To startle and cause nervous activity in; frighten:
The news spooked investors, and stock prices fell.

Intrigue
1.to arouse the curiosity or interest of by unusual, new, or otherwise fascinating or compelling qualities; appeal strongly to; captivate: The plan intrigues me, but I wonder if it will work.
2.to achieve or earn by appealing to another's curiosity, fancy, or interest: to intrigue one's way into another's notice.
3.to draw or capture: Her interest was intrigued by the strange symbol.Revel in :To take great pleasure or delight: She reveled in her unaccustomed leisure.

Edifice
1.A building, especially one of imposing appearance or size.
2.An elaborate conceptual structure: observations that provided the foundation for the edifice of evolutionary theory.


fledgling
1.A young bird that has recently acquired its flight feathers.
2.A young or inexperienced person.
Adj: New and untried or inexperienced: a fledgling enterprise.
Ex: higher interest rates could choke off fledgling recover

czar
1.the former emperor of Russia.
2. any person exercising great authority or power in a particular field: a czar of industry.

squat
1. to sit in a low or crouching position with the legs drawn up closely beneath or in front of the body; sit on one's haunches or heels
2. to settle on public land under government regulation, in order to acquire title.

predicament  : A situation, especially an unpleasant, troublesome, or trying one, from which extrication is difficult.

distraught :  Deeply upset and agitated

in a jiffy
In a short time. 1/100th of second

tarnish
Tarnish :to dull the luster
Ex: The recission has tarnished the invincable image of US

folly
1.the state or quality of being foolish; lack of understanding or sense.
2.a foolish action, practice, idea, etc.; absurdity: the folly of performing without a rehearsal.
3.a costly and foolish undertaking; unwise investment or expenditure
Ex :He regretted the follies of his youth.
Synonyms:
imprudence, rashness, mistake, foolishness, indiscretion, injudiciousness; madness, lunacy.


alchemy,elixer,panacea
alchemy- solution for transmutation of base metals into gold
elexir - a chemical for prolonging life
Panacea- cure for all diseases

hollow ( not hallow) adjective
1.having a space or cavity inside; not solid; empty: a hollow sphere.
2.having a depression or concavity: a hollow surface.
3.sunken, as the cheeks or eyes.
4.(of sound) not resonant; dull, muffled, or deep: a hollow voice.
5.without real or significant worth; meaningless: a hollow victory.
6.insincere or false: hollow compliments.
7.hungry; having an empty feeling: I feel absolutely hollow, so let's eat.

Ingenious
ingenious and ingenuous are distinct from each other and are not synonyms. ingenious means “characterized by cleverness” or “cleverly inventive,” as in contriving new explanations or methods: an ingenious device; ingenious designers. ingenuous means “candid” or “innocent”: an ingenuous and sincere statement.

inundate
1.To cover with water, especially floodwaters.
2.To overwhelm as if with a flood; swamp: The theater was inundated with requests for tickets.

heist :Robbery

couch
--to arrange or frame (words, a sentence, etc.); put into words; express: a simple request couched in respectful language.
--to express indirectly or obscurely: the threat couched under his polite speech.

shrug off :disregard. Markets shrugged off the bad news and surged ahead

nudge :prod someone into action

glimmer of hope

franatic : desperate or wild with excitement, passion, fear, pain, etc.; frenzied.

Double whammy
a combination of two unfortunate or negative circumstances or events.
Ex:The drought and the high price of fertilizer are a double whammy to farmers.

bog down : to cause someone or something to stop developing or moving forward
Ex:The film bogs down after a really great beginning.

Etymology: based on the idea of being trapped in a bog (area of soft, wet earth)

sneak : To creep or steal (away or about) privately; to come or go meanly, as a person afraid or ashamed to be seen.

Back out :Fail to keep an arrangement or promise

intrigue,intrigued by : 1.to arouse the curiosity or interest of by unusual, new, or otherwise fascinating or compelling qualities; appeal strongly to; captivate: The plan intrigues me, but I wonder if it will work.

2.to draw or capture: Her interest was intrigued by the strange symbol.

fixation
Meaning :a preoccupation with one subject, issue, etc.; obsession
Usage :Amidst the financial turmoil and the all-consuming fixation on financial news other issues have received less notice they deserved.

manoeuvre
a)To move about(or make something move about) by using skill and care.

b) A clever plan or movement esp. one used to deceive people.
( Usage : A crafty manoeuvre to outwit his pursuers)

Hogging the limelight

adraline rush

shooting the stars

shooting through the roof



boisterous
Meaning : noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline;
Example : a boisterous crowd

engage in verbal duel
Meaning : argument , battle of words


Well rounded
having a personality that is fully developed in all aspects.

one off : A one off instance not a regular one


Close out : closing down


Refrain(from) :to abstain from an impulse to say or do something (often followed by from  ):Example  I refrained from telling him what I thought.

mundane : adjective: lacking interest or excitement; dull.

Flip(v) To toss, tunover

Flipside : an opposite, reverse,sharply contrasted side
Eg; The flipside of their charitable activities is a desire for publicity

bravado

a bold manner or a show of boldness intended to impress or intimidate.

"he possesses none of the classic wheeler-dealer's casual bravado"

 
IN THE DUE COURSE OF TIME
A typical or natural manner of proceeding or developing; customary passage: a fad that ran its course.
7. A systematic or orderly succession; a sequence: a course of medical treatments.






Idioms Phrases and Metaphors




Idioms and phrases have a great prominance in English language. Various websites provide exhaustive info on meaning and origin. The best among them being http://www.phrases.org.uk/ .
Some of the interesting phrases are as below :

Left in the lurch

Meaning
Abandoned in a difficult position without help.

Origin
The phrase originates from the French game of lourche or lurch, played in the 16th century. Players suffered a lurch if they were left in a hopeless position from which they couldn't win the game. The card game of cribbage, or crib, also has a 'lurch' position which players may be left in if they don't progress half way round the peg board before the winner finishes.

The phrase had certainly entered the language by the 16th century as this line from Nashe's Saffron Walden, 1596, shows:
"Whom he also procured to be equally bound with him for his new cousens apparence to the law, which he neuer did, but left both of them in the lurtch for him."

A more easily understood line, with the more familiar spelling of lurch, comes not much later in Holland's Livy, 1600:
"The Volscians seeing themselves abandoned and left in the lurch by them, quit the campe and field."

cut corners

Do something in the easiest or least expensive way; also, act illegally. For example, Cutting corners in production led to a definite loss in product quality, or If the accountant cuts corners the auditors are sure to find out. This term alludes to rounding a corner as closely as possible in order to shorten the distance traversed and/or save time. [Late 1800s]

Bury the hatchet

Meaning
To settle your differences with an adversary.

Origin
Hatchet is a instrument like axe used for fighting in olden days.The idiom originated with the American Indian tradition of burying the hatchets of the chiefs of tribes when they came to a peace agreement.

It is recorded from the 17th century in English but what it refers to is much earlier, possibly pre-dating the European settlement of America. A translation of Thwaites' monumental work Jesuit Relations, 1644 suggests the practice:
"Proclaim that they wish to unite all the nations of the earth and to hurl the hatchet so far into the depths of the earth that it shall never again be seen in the future."

Steal one's thunder

Meaning
Someone 'steals your thunder' when they use your ideas or inventions to their own advantage.

Origin

Devices that produce the sound of thunder have been called on in theatrical productions for centuries. The methods used include - rolling metal balls down troughs, grinding lead shot in bowls, shaking sheets of thin metal. The latter device, called a thunder sheet, is still in use today. The bowl method was referred to in Alexander Pope's literary satire The Dunciad, published in 1728:

With Shakespear's nature, or with Johnson's art,
Let others aim: 'Tis yours to shake the soul
With Thunder rumbling from the mustard bowl.

The story that lies behind 'stealing someone's thunder' is that of the literary critic and largely unsuccessful playwright, John Dennis. In 1704, Dennis's play Appius and Virginia was produced at the Drury Lane Theatre, London and he invented a new method of creating the sound of thunder for the production. We don't know now what this method was (some texts say it was a refinement of the mustard bowl referred to by Pope, in which metal balls were rolled around in a wooden bowl), but it is reported that after Appius and Virginia failed and was closed, the method was soon afterwards used in a production of Macbeth. Dennis was less than pleased at having his idea purloined and this account of his response was recorded by the literary scholar Joseph Spence (1699–1768) and later quoted in W. S. Walsh's Literary Curiosities, 1893:
"Damn them! They will not let my play run, but they steal my thunder."

The actual words are in doubt and are also reported as "That is my thunder, by God; the villains will play my thunder but not my play!". What is clear is that Dennis's experience was the source of this attractive little phrase.

Lose the battle, but win the war

It means that a battle within a overall war may be lost, but in the end the war can be won.A small part of a scheme may fail, yet the whole scheme can succeed.

My heart goes out to someone

if your heart goes out to someone who is in trouble, you feel sympathy for them
Ex:Our hearts go out to the families of the victims of this terrible tragedy.


Like a Ostrich with its head in sand 


 A metaphor used to describe a situation where one tries to ignore or hide from obvious signs of danger.  An ostrich is believed to hide its head in a hole in  ground when it sees danger.
Example of usage :Stop burying your head in the sand like ostrich.Look at the statistics on smoking and cancer.

PS : It is just an anecdote. In reality ostrich dont behave so.


David vs Goliath


Tongue in cheek
This phrase alludes to the facial expression created by putting one's tongue in one's cheek.
Meaning
In an ironic manner, not meant to be taken seriously.


Idioms
To close ranks : to unite forces, esp. by overlooking petty differences, in order to deal with an adverse or challenging situation; to join together in a show of unity, esp. to the public: When the newspaper story broke suggesting possible corruption in the government, the politicians all closed ranks


Rip off : A rip-off is something that costs more than it should. "The popcorn prices at the movie theater are a rip-off". "To" rip someone off means to steal from someone, or to cheat someone. "The mechanic ripped me off. He was supposed to give me back a 20 and he only gave me back 10."

Close the loop
If a message going from one person to the next to the next and then back to the first person, a loop is said to be formed.

If a person makes sure that he gets a reply to his message, or he replies to messages he receives he is said to have 'closed the loop'

Phrase
to get into a groove : a fixed routine

claw back :to take back the benefits offered earlier.

Jaw Dropping :Very Surprinnng

Green shoots : revival of growth,recovery of economy
Yellow weeds: no revival of growth

stir up a hornets nest :make trouble, cause commotion


Zerosum Game
A situation where a gain to one side means loss to other side.The total of gain and loss to both sides is zero.

Bitten by the bug

Get Jitters,Give Jitters vs send shivers down the spine
jitters, nervousness; a feeling of fright or uneasiness (usually prec. by the): Every time I have to make a speech, I get the jitters. or.Inflation tremors give jitters to India Inc.
send shivers down your spine :
Here's a tale of medical incompetence that should send shivers down your spine


limping back to normalcy

to say in so many words

directly or in a way that makes it very clear what you mean

'Did he say we could stay with him?' 'Well, not in so many words, but that's definitely what he meant

to muster the strength



To call a spade a spade

To tell the truth about something,even if it is not polite or pleasant.
Example :You know me, I call a spade a spade and when I see someone behaving like an idiot, I tell them.


Dog-eat-dog world - idiom
Dog-eat-dog describes a world in which people fight for themselves only and will hurt other people. Example: "I have been in this business for twenty years. It's dog-eat-dog. The competition is always trying to steal your customers." 

Dog-eat-dog means that a person is like a dog that will eat another dog. Sometimes people say, "It's a dog-eat-dog world", as an excuse when they have hurt another person. Example: "I can't believe you sold him your motorcycle for so much money!" Reply: "Hey, it's a dog-eat-dog world." 

It's a dog-eat-dog world means that you must first watch out for your own interests, because other people will be watching out for theirs.


Idiom throw caution to wind

Break fresh ground-Idiom
Definition: deal with something in a new way; create something new

Explanation: Used when talking about work that explores a situation in a novel way

Examples: The researchers were able to break fresh ground in their search for a cancer cure. - We'll have to break fresh ground if we want to create a new market for our products.

idiomatic expression 'take it from me'

It means "you can believe what I say because I know this." You will hear this phrase when someone is trying to argue about something, and the person wants to let them know that they do know their facts - they will say "You can take it from me, this is the way it is ..."

idiomatic expression 'I'm with you'

It means "I agree with you."



Common idioms list collection

1. Blast:A great time. A fun time. "We had a blast at the party last night."
2. be a in one's element:To be completely comfortable doing something; To do something that comes very naturally to someone. ex. "When it comes to speaking in public, the Senator is in his element."
3. At each other's throats:Fighting or arguing heavily. ex. "They were at each other's throats. The arguments never stopped."
4. (To get on the) bandwagon:To begin to like something/start doing something because it's popular, "hip", or everyone else is doing it.
5. (To) break new ground:To do something that hasn't been done before. To innovate. ex. "Dr. Davis was breaking new ground in cancer research."
6. (To) call it a day:To end work and go home. ex. "Let's call it a day. It's getting late."
7. To) cover a lot of ground:To go through a lot of information. "We've covered a lot of ground in my English class in the past two months."
8. (A) cut above (something):Superior/ better (than something). "The commercial said that this car company is 'a cut above the rest'."
9. To) come out of the closet:Ex;To reveal that one is gay.
10. Down the drain:Wasted. Lost forever. "I tried for five years to run this business and now I'm bankrupt. Five years down the drain."
11. Elbow room:Enough space (room) to feel comfortable
12. (To) face the music:To accept the (unpleasant) consequences of what you have done.
13. (A) far cry:Very different (often in a worse way). ex. "This wine is nice, but it's a far cry from the wine we had yesterday."
14. To) keep something to oneself:To not let others know about something. To not reveal something. ex. "Hey, don't tell anyone about your time in prison. Keep it to yourself."
15. (To) make life miserable for someone:To cause someone lots of problems. ex. "Patricia's boss is making life miserable for her."
16. (To) rack one's brain:To try very hard to think of something. ex. "I racked my brain but I couldn't remember his name."
17. To) read between the lines:To try to understand what is meant by something that is not written/said clearly. "Linda tried to be cheerful and said she was okay, but reading between the lines, I could see she was really upset."
18. (To) ring a bell:To remind, vaguely recognize something. "Have you every listened to Alex Chilton? I'm not sure - the name rings a bell, though. ( = I think I've heard the name before)" or "I'm sorry, that doesn't ring a bell = I'm sorry I don't recognize/know that"
19. (To) rock the boat:To disturb an otherwise stable situation.
20. (To) see the writing on the wall:To see that something is going to happen.
21. (To) take something with a grain of salt:Not to take something that someone says too seriously.
22. (To) tighten one's beltTo spend less money. ex. "After Becky lost her job, we really had to tighten our belts for a while."
23. Up for grabsAvailable for anyone to try to get. ex. "The Chinese telecom market is still up for grabs."


Office Lingo / corporate jargon


How to respond to "How are you?",
 "What's up?", and other conversation starters

There are a few questions that English speakers ask at the beginning of a conversation. These questions are simple tools to find out if there are any interesting topics to discuss.
You've certainly heard these questions, but you might be confused about how to answer. Here's a list of common answers to the questions "How are you?", "How's it going?", "What's up?", and "What's happening?"
How are you?
Fine.
This is a simple, straight answer. If you don't say anything else, though, it might be a signal that you don't want to continue the conversation.
Not bad.
This is a more friendly-sounding answer than "fine".
Fine, thanks.
This answer is formal. You might answer this way if someone you don't know, like a waiter at a restaurant, asks how you are.
Very well, thanks.
A person who likes to be grammatically proper might answer this way. Technically, the question "How...?" should be answered with an adverb. However, a lot of English speakers don't know or care about this. The people who do are "by the books" types who insist on using grammatically correct language.
Pretty good.
If you don't care as much about grammar, you can answer "Good" or "Pretty good". It's more common and much, much more casual.
Great! How are you doing?
This is an enthusiastic, excited response. It's always good to ask a question back to the other person if you want to continue the conversation.
I'm hanging in there.
This answer makes it sound like you're having a tough day.
I've been better.
People usually give positive answers to the question "How are you?" If you give a negative answer like this one, it usually means that you want to tell the listener your sad story. So they'll usually ask what's wrong:
A: How are you?
B: I've been better.
A: What's wrong?
B: I just found out that I'm being laid off.
How's it going?
This question is similar to "How are you". The answers discussed above all work for "How's it going?" as well.
Here's another answer that will also work for "How's it going", but not for "How are you?"
It's going well. 
This is a friendly, polite answer that's suitable for coworkers, clients, and acquaintances that you haven't seen in a while. 
What's up?
This question means "What's happening in your life?" But you don't have to answer honestly. If you don't want to start a long conversation, you can use one of these standard replies:
Nothing much.
This is the most common answer. You can follow it by sharing something interesting that's happening: "Nothing much. Just getting ready for Vanessa's graduation."
Not a lot.
This is another really common answer. It's just a bit fresher than "Nothing much" because it's a little less common.
Nothing.
This is more to-the-point. It might make you seem a little angry or rude.
Oh, just the usual.
Answer this way if you do mostly the same things each day.
Just the same old same old.
This phrase means that you're doing the same things every day, and you're a little bored of it.
Oh gosh, all kinds of stuff!
You can answer this way if your life has been really busy and exciting lately.
What's happening?
This question means the same thing as "What's up" and can be answered in the same way.

OFFICE JARGON

We cannot afford to work in Silos :Organizational silos are a problem for large and small businesses alike. Unlike the silos farmers use to separate different types of grain, the organizational silos that separate different types of employees are seldom as benign. When employees interact poorly with people outside of their "silo," it becomes difficult to do the work of the business. A tight-knit department that works well together can be a plus for a business. However, organizational silos can be like fortresses within a company and eventually cause serious problems that might not be noticed until the damage is done.



Name-dropping is the practice of mentioning important people or institutions within a conversation. The term often connotes an attempt to impress others; it is usually regarded negatively


pullup socks, tighten the belt,buckle up

Pull up the socks
to make an effort to improve your work or behaviour because it is not good enough.
If somebody say you need to pull up the socks means he is not happy with your performance.

Tighten the belt
- to manage to spend less money; to use less of something.
Ex:Things are beginning to cost more and more.

Can I call you back

keep me in the loop

I made a good pitch but yet to obtain a buy-in

You need to touchbase with Mr X for those issues.

Can you validate this

going forward this should not happen

Pl provide your inputs

takeaway from the meeting

please walk me through your report

it was a definetly an issue but not a flash point

addressing the pain point

control freak

infectious enthusiasm

level-headed : exercising or showing good judgment
Shout down - silence or overwhelm by shouting
Hot Seat - The person who takes the blame


pretty good

Pretty as an adverb can be tricky than as a adjective.

'Her work was pretty good' would mean it is fairly or moderately good- It ranks between good and very good but something less than very good.

But ,when one says 'The wind blew pretty hard' he mean it is quite hard or very hard.

have a field day

Fig. to experience freedom from one's usual work schedule; to have a very enjoyable time. (As with children who are released fromclasses to take part in sports and athletic contests.) The boss was gone and we had afield day today. No one got anything done. Theair was fresh and clear and everyone had a field day in the park during the lunch hour.


Newly coined words

FANTABULOUS = Blend of Fantastic and Fabulous, meaning Excellent; Wonderful


Short Forms in Chatting
AFK Away From Keyboard
ASAP
 As Soon As Possible
BBL
 Be Back Later
BBN
 Bye Bye Now
BBS
 Be Back Soon
BEG
 Big Evil Grin
BF
 Boy Friend
BRB
 Be Right Back
BTW
 By The Way
BWL
 Bursting With Laughter
C&G Chuckle and Grin
CID Crying In Disgrace
CSG
 Chuckle Snicker Grin
CY
A See You Again
CY
ALLR See You All Later
DLTBBB
 Don't Let The Bed Bugs Bite
EG
 Evil Grin
F2F
 Face to face, a personal meeting
FCOL
 For Crying Out Loud
FWIW
 For What It's Worth
FYI
 For Your Information
GF
 Girl Friend
GFN
 Gone For Now
GMTA Great Minds Think Alike
GOK God Only Knows
GTSY
 Great to See You
H&K
 Hugs and Kiss
HHIS
 Hanging Head In Shame
HHOK
 Ha, Ha-Only Kidding
HHOS
 Ha, Ha-Only Serious

IC I See
IMHO
 In My Humble Opinion
IMO
 In My Opinion
IW
ALU I Will Always Love You
JMO
 Just My Opinion
JTLYK
 Just To Let You Know
KIT
 Keep in Touch
L8R
Later
LHU
 Lord Help Us
LMHO
 Laughing My Head Off
LOL
 Laughing out Loud
LTS Laughing to Self
LTNC Long Time to See
LUWAMH Love You with All My Heart
LYLove You
OIC Oh! I See
OTOH
 On the Other Hand
PDS
 Please Don’t Shout
RTSM Read the Stupid Manual
SETE Smiling Ear to Ear
SYS See You Soon
TAFN That's All for Now
TOY Thinking Of You
TTYL Talk to You Later
TTYT
 Talk to You Tomorrow
WB
 Welcome Back
WTG
 Way to Go

Common errors in English

Would you mind posting this letter for me? Yes, certainly.

The question asks if you mind doing a favour. By replying, 'yes', you indicate that it is a problem or a hassle. Instead, since it's not a problem, reply in the negative.

Would you mind mailing this letter for me? No, not at all.

Putting a S or not-1

My house is besides her house.
Beside me, will anyone else be there?

Beside means 'close to' or 'by the side of.' Besides means 'in addition to.' These two are frequently misused, as in this case. Instead, it should be:

My house is beside her house.
Besides me, will anyone else be there?Would you mind posting this letter for me? Yes, certainly.

The question asks if you mind doing a favour. By replying, 'yes', you indicate that it is a problem or a hassle. Instead, since it's not a problem, reply in the negative.

Would you mind mailing this letter for me? No, not at all.

Putting a S or no

My house is besides her house.
Beside me, will anyone else be there?

Beside means 'close to' or 'by the side of.' Besides means 'in addition to.' These two are frequently misused, as in this case. Instead, it should be:

My house is beside her house.
Besides me, will anyone else be there?

Some common errors in usage of prepositions :

1. Using prepositions where not required.
WRONG: Please don't make me to do it.
CORRECT: Please don't make me do it.

WRONG: Don't let him to go.
CORRECT: Don't let him go.

WRONG: There is so much of noise in this room.
CORRECT: There is so much noise in this room.

WRONG: Let's go for shopping.
CORRECT: Let's go shopping.

WRONG: I am hungry. Please order for some food.
CORRECT: I am hungry. Please order some food.

2. Omitting prepositions where they are required.

WRONG: Please convey her my condolences.
CORRECT: Please convey my condolences to her.

WRONG: Can you drop me at Pizza Hut?
CORRECT: Can you drop me off at Pizza Hut?

3. Usage of wrong preposition :

WRONG: I have been working in this company since three years.
CORRECT: I have been working in this company for three years.
CORRECT: I have been working in this company since 2004.
When 'since' is used as a time preposition, it is used only with reference to a specific point of time (eg: since 1995, since last Christmas, since yesterday) or with reference to a period of time that has already elapsed (eg: since childhood, since the probation period).~

WRONG: Please pay attention on this topic.
CORRECT: Please pay attention to this topic.

A common mistake while using 'since' and 'for'.

I have been living in Mumbai since last 10 years.
I have been waiting for you since 2 hours.

"Since" is used with a specific event(e.g. a particular time, particular date or event)."For" is used with a period of time (e.g. no. of hours, days, weeks, years). Therefore, it should be:

I have been living in Mumbai for the last 10 years.
I have been waiting for you for the last 2 hours.

 Singular Vs Plural

1) 'One of my husband's friend has gone to Malaysia.'

By saying 'One of', it implies the husband has a group of friends. Therefore, the correct form should be:

'One of my husband's friends has gone to Malaysia.' OR 'A friend of my husband has gone to Malaysia.'

2)“Majority” is one of those words that can be either singular or plural. Common sense works pretty well in deciding which. If you mean the word to describe a collection of individuals, then the word should be treated as plural: “The majority of e-mail users are upset about the increase in spam.” If the word is used to describe a collective group, then consider it singular: “A 90% majority is opposed to scheduling the next meeting at 6:00 A.M.”

Words Often Confused

What's the difference between affect and effect?
I'm pleased to say that the changes don't affect us.
The effect of the drought on the economy is very serious.

What's the difference between advice and advise?
I gave them some advice.
Could you advise us on a souvenir to buy?
Please note, that practice/practise and device/devise follow the same rules as the previous example.

What's the difference between stationary and stationery?
The cars were stationary for almost an hour before the traffic jam began to clear.
Pens, paper, staplers and paper clips are all types of stationery.


What's the difference between quiet and quite?
You must be absolutely quiet during the examination.
It was quite a long time until the train came.

To expidite a matter: to help the progress of a work /to make smething happen more quickly
To do the expedient:To act in a way useful or convinient for a particular though not necessarily fair or moral

humuliate : to cause (a person) a painful loss of pride, self-respect, or dignity; mortify.
humility : the quality or condition of being humble; modest opinion or estimate of one's own importance, rank, etc.

Elusive : Difficult to find. Ex : Success became elusive.
Effusive : showing unrestrained approval



















Latin words which we cannot do without


Non-English word/phrase
Plain English Alternative
ab initio
Example: The contract was declared void ab initio.
From the start/beginning/inception
Example: The contract was declared void from the beginning.
ad hoc
Example: The Government has formed an ad hoc committee to deal with the issue of child labour in mining industry.
Arranged for this purpose; for a particular (usu. exclusive) purpose; concerned or dealing with a specific subject, purpose, or end; for the special purpose or end presently under consideration; for the special purpose or end presently under consideration
ad interim
Example: The court passed an ad   interim order restraining the company from selling any of its assets.
Temporary; provisional
ad valorem
Example: The excise duty was levied on sugar at 10% as valorem.
According to value; in proportion to the value (used especially of duties on imports that are fixed at a percentage of the value as stated on the invoice)
a priori
Deductively; not based on prior study or examination
amicus curie
Advocate to the court (a person, not a party to the litigation, who volunteers or is invited by the court to give advice upon some matter pending before it.)
bona fide
Example: The board should exercise the powers bona fide for the benefit of the company. 
Made, done, presented, etc., in good faith, honestly, without deception, collusion or fraud
caveat emptor
The principle that the buyer alone is responsible if dissatisfied; let the buyer beware: the principle that the seller of a product cannot be held responsible for its quality unless it is guaranteed in a warranty
certiorari
A writ issuing from a superior court calling up the record of a proceeding in an inferior court for review. Also called writ of certiorari; a writ issuing from a superior court calling up the record of a proceeding in an inferior court for review. Also called writ of certiorari.
contra
Against, opposite; in opposition or contrast to
corpus
The capital of a fund, as contrasted with the income
de facto
In fact, whether by right or not; in reality; actually existing, especially when without lawful authority
de jure
Rightfully; by right; according to law (distinguished from de facto)
e. g. [exempli gratia]
for example; for the sake of example; such as
et cetera
And others; and so forth; and so on; and the rest; and similar things or people
ex gratia
As a favour
ex parte
An application in a judicial hearing made by one party in the absence of the other
ibidem (ibid)
In the same place; in the same case or judgment, book, paragraph, etc
i. e. [id est]
Used to explain exactly what the previous thing that you have mentioned means
infra
Below; in the following pages or paragraphs
in the interim
In the meantime; meanwhile
in specie
In its actual state, in kind
inter alia
Among other things
inter se
Between or among themselves
in toto
Entirely
ipso facto
By that very fact or act; by the fact itself
mala fide
Acting or done in bad faith
mandamus
A writ. A judicial writ from a superior court issued as a command to an inferior court (or other person) to perform a public or statutory duty
modus operandi
A plan or method of working; the particular way in which a person performs a task or action
Non obstante
The phrase in a statute (which usually reads as follows: “Notwithstanding anything contained -------”) that is applied to give overriding effect to certain provisions over some contrary provision that may be found either in the same statute or some other stature. In other words such a clause is used to avoid the operation and effect of all contrary provisions.
mutatis mutandis
In the same manner with appropriate changes for the context
obiter dicta
An incidental or supplementary opinion by a judge in deciding a case, upon a matter not essential to the decision, and therefore not binding as precedent; remarks of a judge which are not necessary to reaching a decision, but are made as comments, illustrations or thoughts.
pari passu
Without partiality; equably; fairly
per alium
By means of another
per diem
Daily; for each day
per se
By itself, taken alone
prima facie
At first sight
pro rata
In proportion; proportionally
qua
Example: A member of a company qua member can make an application under section 397 of the Companies Act.
as; as being; in the character or capacity of
quantum meruit
As much as he deserved; as much as has been earned
quid pro quo
Consideration; one thing in return for another; something that is given or taken in return for something else; substitute; a thing given as compensation
res judicata
An issue already decided judicially
sic
So; thus; used or spelt as written (usually written parenthetically to denote that a word, phrase, passage, etc., that may appear strange or incorrect has been written intentionally or has been quoted verbatim)
simpliciter
Without addition or qualification
sine qua non
An indispensable condition
status quoz
sub judice
In course of trial; pending before a judge or court and awaiting judicial determination; under judicial consideration and therefore prohibited from public discussion elsewhere
supra
Above; in the preceding pages or paragraphs
ultra vires
Beyond one's legal power or authority, e.g. the directors or a company
vis-à-vis
In relation to; compared with
vide (videlicet)
Example: (1) The court vide its order dated … sanctioned amalgamation of the company. (2) Vide para 23 of chapter 2 for discussion on limited liability. (3) Vide our letter dated …, we have sent you an order for…
by, see, refer to (used especially to refer a reader to parts of a text)
viz.
Example: The company, viz. ABC Industries Ltd, was directed to pay compensation.
In other words; namely; that is to say

Office jargon

Backfilling
where an employee is assigned to a new job and his/her position filled by another employee. ... "Backfilling occurs when an employee is moved out of his or her assigned duties and is replaced by another employee.


DIfferences in US and UK Pronounciation



Office Cliche